Dissecting the Essential Parts of the Countertop

Understanding the various parts of the countertop is essential to maximizing the functionality of your kitchen‘s workhorse. First, it lets you make informed decisions before building or renovating your home, ensuring you pick the right design components that align with your needs and preference.

Second, it allows you to maintain and repair your countertop necessarily. It can help you troubleshoot and solve minor problems on your own, saving you the cost of calling a professional for minor issues.

Lastly, it helps you better appreciate the craftsmanship and detail that goes into your countertop’s design and installation. It makes you realize the value and effort put into creating this functional and attractive application in your kitchen.

The Frontage

The Frontage is the central part of your countertop. It refers to the surface area where we perform most kitchen tasks, such as food preparation, cooking, and dishwashing.

It has a standard depth of 0.60 m, crucial for maintaining a comfortable workspace. This measurement provides adequate space for standard kitchen appliances and effortless reach for average adults.

However, the efficiency of your countertop isn’t reliant on its depth alone. The material of your countertop plays an equally important role in determining its beauty, durability, and functionality. Thus, choosing a suitable countertop material, like granite or quartz, is essential.

Parts of the Countertop 2
Understanding the parts of your countertop empowers you to make informed decisions about design, maintenance, and troubleshooting.

The Backsplash is a vertical extension of your countertop, extending upward from the rear edge. It can start as little as 10 cm and may reach up to the bottom of your upper cabinets. It has three essential functions:

1. Protection

The Backsplash protects the wall from splatters, especially from cooking or washing activities. Often water and food particles inadvertently splash onto the walls, potentially staining or damaging the surface. The Backsplash acts as a shield, allowing easy cleanup and maintenance of your kitchen walls.

Furthermore, it prevents liquids from sneaking behind the cabinets, mitigating the risk of water damage. Spills and drips can sometimes find their way into the tiniest crevices. And they can seep into the wall or cabinetry material, leading to structural damage over time. They also increase the risk of mold and mildew growth, which thrives in damp and unventilated areas.

By providing a barrier against these potential issues, the Backsplash helps maintain the integrity of your kitchen structure, mitigating the risk of moisture-related damage and ensuring a cleaner, healthier kitchen environment.

2. Concealment

The Backsplash also hides the gap between the rear end of your counter and the wall behind it. Since architectural elements are rarely perfect, it’s common for walls not to be completely straight. The disparity creates an inevitable void or gap between your countertop and wall, forming a visual distraction and trapping dust and small debris.

The Backsplash elegantly solves this issue by filling in the void and seamlessly transitioning from your countertop to your wall. Hence, aside from its protective function, the Backsplash also contributes to your kitchen’s neat and cohesive appearance. 

3. Aesthetics

Lastly, the Backsplash delivers a striking visual impact, captivating the attention of anyone who steps into the room. It adds a new layer of depth, color, and texture, enriching the kitchen’s ambiance.

What’s more, you can tailor it to your preference. So whether you opt for a 10 cm panel or a full-height slab, the Backsplash provides an exceptional opportunity to express your style and taste. 

Full height marble like quartz backsplash 1
A full-height backsplash adds a dramatic visual impact to the kitchen by creating a continuous flow of material, color, and texture.

Given these, it is essential to consider the Backsplash as a critical element if you’re building or remodeling your home. It serves more than just an add-on; it’s integral to a well-planned, visually appealing, and highly functional kitchen space.

Curious to know how much will your counter cost?

The Edge Profile refers to the contour or design at the edge of your countertop. While it might seem like a minor detail at first, it is a design element crucial to the kitchen’s overall beauty and functionality.

Primarily, it enhances the visual appeal of your countertop. With designs ranging from simple to complex, the Edge Profile adds a personalized touch to the space and complements the interior’s beauty. For instance, an “eased” profile, with its clean lines and subtle roundness, aligns perfectly with a modern, minimalist kitchen. On the other hand, an “ogee” profile, characterized by its elegant and intricate curvature, works better in classic kitchen styles.

In terms of safety, particularly where children or elderly individuals are involved, the “bullnose” is your best choice. This Edge Profile has a fully rounded shape that eliminates sharp corners, reducing the risk of accidental bumps or injuries.

In essence, each edge profile brings its own blend of style and functionality, allowing you to customize your countertop based on your needs and lifestyle.

Custom Edge Profiles 1
Customizing your edge profile allows you to enhance both the aesthetic appeal and functionality of your countertop.


Seams are the lines where two countertop pieces meet. Given the size and weight of countertop materials, such as granite, marble, and quartz, it is often necessary to install countertops in sections, resulting in seams.

Seams are usually unavoidable, especially in large or complex countertop installations. However, you can significantly reduce their visibility with careful planning and expert installation.

A good seam is barely noticeable. It is tight and flat and matches the color and pattern of the countertop material as closely as possible. Achieving this involves precise cutting of the countertop material, careful alignment during installation, and using a color-matched adhesive to blend the seam into the surrounding surface.

Good Seam 1
A high-quality seam is virtually imperceptible, skillfully leveled, and exquisitely color-matched.

Conversely, a lousy seam is conspicuous and detracts from the overall appearance of your countertop. It may be too wide, poorly aligned, or have a noticeable color difference compared to the countertop material. These issues can arise from inaccurate measurements, imprecise cutting, or rushed installation.

While seams are usually unavoidable, you can minimize their visibility by entrusting your project to experienced professionals like Stone Depot. By working with highly-skilled and well-equipped installers, you can achieve a visually pleasing and long-lasting countertop at home.

Bad Seam 1
A bad seam is noticeably misaligned or mismatched, disrupting the overall aesthetic of your countertop. (Not our work!)

The whole is more than the sum of its parts.


A Laminated edge profile involves gluing a strip of the same countertop material underneath your countertop’s edge, creating an illusion of a thicker slab. The effect not only adds visual depth and richness to your counter but also enhances your kitchen’s perceived value and luxury.
Laminate Fascia

Lamination is a technique specific to dimension stones, such as granite, marble, and quartz. However, it’s worth noting that this process differs significantly from laminate countertops, which is an entirely different material.

Apart from its aesthetic benefits, a Laminated edge offers practical functionality. It effectively conceals the wooden substrate underneath, giving a more seamless and high-end appearance. Furthermore, extending the edge downward protects the cabinets below, especially near the sink area, from potential water damage.

Laminating the edge requires precision and craftsmanship, as the additional layer needs to align perfectly with your countertop. As such, expect an extra cost for the labor and materials involved. However, for many homeowners, the element’s enhanced visual appeal and added functionality are well worth the investment.


The Fascia is an optional yet powerful design element for kitchen and bathroom counters. This vertical panel, located underneath the frontage, creates a continuous flow of color and texture, providing a touch of elegance and sophistication.

Apart from its aesthetic function, the Fascia conceals the structural support beneath the countertop, especially those with a concrete base. Furthermore, it protects the structure from bumps and knocks, critical in high-traffic areas.

Although installing a Fascia may increase the overall cost of your countertop, it can significantly enhance the beauty and value of your kitchen and bathroom. It marries form and function, contributing to a well-rounded countertop design.


Creating cutouts is one of the most critical aspects of countertop installation. These holes or openings along your counter accommodate essential fixtures like sinks, cooktops, and electrical outlets. They are vital to your kitchen’s functionality and affect its overall aesthetic.

Cutouts for sinks and cooktops are the most common in kitchen counters. The dimensions of these cutouts should precisely match the fixtures they will accommodate.

Kitchen sinks are commonly available in four different styles, namely:

  1. Drop-in sinks;
  2. Undermount sinks;
  3. Farmhouse sinks; and
  4. Integrated sinks.
Countertop Part Seam Cutout 1
Engineered quartz offers exceptional durability and sleek aesthetics for dirty kitchens.

Each sink style has specific requirements and implications for your countertop material, cutout finish, and installation process. Therefore, picking a sink style during the design phase is essential to ensure your countertop and its cutout are fit.

For cooktops, cutouts must provide a snug fit for the appliance while ensuring sufficient space for necessary ventilation. Different cooktops, such as gas, induction, or electric, have varying requirements regarding the cutout’s shape and size. For instance, gas cooktops may require additional clearance for gas lines, while induction cooktops need space for electrical connections.

During layout, the exact model and make of the appliance should be available to ensure the cutout measurements are precise. Additionally, it is essential to consider the countertop material’s heat resistance and durability, as areas around the cooktop will be exposed to high temperatures. 

Cutouts for electrical outlets, although small compared to sinks or cooktops, are also integral to countertop design. They power essential kitchen appliances like blenders, mixers, toasters, or smart home devices.

Outlets need to be readily accessible, so they’re typically placed in locations where appliances are frequently used. These could be along the backsplash, on the sides of islands or cabinets, or sometimes even directly on the countertop.

While standard electrical outlets are still widely used, many homeowners now opt for modern, more adaptable alternatives. Consider pop-up outlets, which integrate seamlessly into the countertop and spring into action when needed, providing convenient access to power. Additionally, USB outlets have become popular choices, particularly for charging smartphones or tablets, adding another layer of functionality to your space.

In addition, many homeowners and designers employ creative strategies to blend them into the design. These include using outlets and covers that match the color of the countertop material and installing the outlets sideways or underneath the cabinet.


An Overhang refers to the portion of your counter that extends beyond the edge of your cabinet base. Serving several critical functions, the Overhang:

  1. Protects the underlying cabinetry from spills and drips, especially in high-use areas around the sink and cooktop;
  2. Provides additional seating space, particularly in islands and breakfast bars;
  3. Creates legroom and knee space for individuals using the countertop, making it more comfortable and accessible;
  4. Contributes to the overall balance and beauty of the kitchen design;
  5. Allows additional prep space, especially in smaller kitchens where every inch of countertop is valuable.
Countertop Part Overhang Edge Profile 1
The overhang protects your cabinet from accidental spills and drips.

The standard Overhang is typically 25 mm to 38 mm.

For an extended Overhang, the maximum depth depends on your countertop material and the support underneath. For example, a 305 mm overhang is typical for granite, marble, and quartz bar tops.

Remember: extended Overhangs may require additional support to prevent sagging or cracking. For countertops with larger overhangs, such as those commonly seen on islands with seating, it is necessary to install additional support, such as brackets or corbels.


The substrate refers to the supporting board underneath your countertop, providing a stable, level base for countertop materials that are not self-supporting, like tiles, laminates, and certain stones. Depending on the countertop material and specific use, it can be made from various materials such as plywood, medium-density fiberboard (MDF), or particleboard.
Substrate Materials for Countertop 1
Substrate materials vary depending on the countertop material and usage.

The substrate provides:

  • structural support, especially for heavy countertop materials like granite or quartz;
  • even level surface for the countertop material to be installed on;
  • a suitable surface for the countertop material to adhere to, especially for laminates and tiles; and
  • a cost-effective solution to reduce overall costs by facilitating the use of premium countertop materials such as natural stone in thinner slabs.

Drip Groove

A Drip Groove is a small channel cut or formed on the underside of your countertop.

It serves one specific purpose: to prevent liquids from running down the front of your cabinets. It directs the liquid flow into the groove, ensuring that it drips directly downwards, thus significantly reducing the risk of potential damage.

Drip Groove 1
The drip groove is a minute and optional design element that is very useful in busy kitchens.

It is essential where liquids are commonly present, or spills may occur. The Drip Groove is especially beneficial in coffee or bar counters, where spills and drips are more likely to occur.

It is an integral feature that helps preserve the life of your cabinetry and keeps your space clean and safe, all while adding a touch of sophistication to your countertop design. 


Your countertop is more than just a working surface in your kitchen; it’s a fusion of practicality, craftsmanship, and aesthetics. From the frontage that serves as your principal workspace to the backsplash that provides multiple functions, each countertop part has a unique role in enhancing your kitchen’s overall beauty, safety, and functionality.

Creating an ideal countertop involves careful planning and a high level of craftsmanship. Entrusting this task to experienced professionals can make a significant difference in the result.

At Stone Depot, we have the expertise, tools, and passion to deliver the countertop that fulfills your needs and reflects your lifestyle and taste. We understand that every detail matters—from edge profiles, seams, and cutouts. By working with our Team, you can be confident that your countertop is in the hands of seasoned professionals dedicated to providing exceptional quality and service.

Visit any of our slab yards in CebuDavaoCagayan de Oro, and Iloilo City. See you soon!

Miguel Aquino

Miguel Aquino

Miguel Aquino is the General Manager of Stone Depot, one of the Philippines' leading suppliers of granite, marble, and quartz. Since 2010, he has been in the stone industry, working for a similar company in Balintawak, Quezon City.

You can find him playing Magic: the Gathering at a hobby store every Friday night.

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